As a result, Dayton has earned the description "Home of Aviation." More than 127,000 homes were built in Montgomery County during the 1950s. The Dayton Daily News is owned by Cox Enterprises. In 1995, the Dayton Agreement, a peace accord between the parties to the hostilities of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Yugoslavia, was negotiated at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Fairborn, Ohio, from November 1 to 21. [105] Between 1957 and 1995, the Kenley Players presented live theater productions in Dayton. Also, several PGA Championships have been held at area golf courses. [69] The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area ranks 4th in Ohio's Gross Domestic Product with a 2008 industry total of $33.78 billion. [44], In 2010, the Downtown Dayton Partnership, in cooperation with the City of Dayton and community leaders, introduced the Greater Downtown Dayton Plan. The sky’s the limit in this city – Wilbur and Orville Wright are proof of that. Nine varieties of birds have been observed every year in the Dayton area: downy woodpecker, Carolina chickadee, tufted titmouse, brown creeper, cardinal, junco, tree sparrow, song sparrow and crow.[62][63]. [6] The 2019 U.S. census estimate put the city population at 140,407, while Greater Dayton was estimated to be at 803,416 residents. [82] The most notable hospitals are Miami Valley Hospital and Kettering Medical Center. [30] The city was also home to James Ritty's Incorruptible Cashier, the first mechanical cash register, and Arthur E. Morgan's hydraulic jump, a flood prevention mechanism that helped pioneer hydraulic engineering. The Dayton chapter manages local activities contributing to the annual, hemisphere-wide Christmas Bird Count. [88], Dayton's two tallest buildings are the Kettering Tower at 408 ft (124 m) and the KeyBank Tower at 385 ft (117 m). What was the peak population of Dayton? [68], Dayton's economy is relatively diversified and vital to the overall economy of the state of Ohio. [16][17][18] Also in 2010, Dayton was named one of the best places in the United States for college graduates to find a job. [37], Between the 1940s and the 1970s, the city saw significant growth in suburban areas from population migration. As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $27,523, and the median income for a family was $34,978. Much of this innovation is due in part to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and its place in the community. 22 S2: Woodland Cemetery 10:15 Get a personal tour through the historical burial grounds of Woodland Cemetery. About 18.2% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over. The plan is to be implemented through the year 2020.[45]. [21][22], Dayton was founded on April 1, 1796, by 12 settlers known as the Thompson Party. During World War II, Liberty Tower, the highest vantage point in the … In 2009, Governor Ted Strickland designated Dayton as Ohio's aerospace innovation hub, the state's first such technology hub. However, the Demolition would cease operations after only one season[146] when Hara Arena decided to close due to financial difficulties.[147]. Clarke Publishing Company: Publisher [169], The public Wright State University became a state university in 1967. [15] In 2007 Dayton was a part of the top 100 cities in America. Wilbur Wright also purchased land near Huffman prairie to continue their research. A courthouse building was built in downtown Dayton in 1888 to supplement Dayton's original Neoclassical courthouse, which still stands. Advancements in architecture also contributed to the suburban boom. For over 175 years Woodland Cemetery has been a revered place of eternal rest. On 13 January 1948, the facility was renamed Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. THE DAYTON ROOM at the Main Library houses more than 200 years of historical materials about Dayton, Montgomery County and the Miami Valley area. [11] In 2011, Dayton was rated the #3 city in the nation by HealthGrades for excellence in healthcare. The Loft Theatre, also downtown, is the home of the Human Race Theatre Company. [141] The Dayton Dragons 815 consecutive sellouts surpassed the NBA's Portland Trail Blazers for the longest sellout streak across all professional sports in the U.S.[41][142]. History of the City of Dayton and Montgomery County, Ohio, Volume 1 American County Histories - OH only County and regional histories of the "Old Northwest. University of Dayton students work virtual internships for Ohio Statehouse offices University of Dayton Flyers running back Richie Warfield is working this summer as an intern for the office of Ohio Lt. [31][32] Paul Laurence Dunbar, an African-American poet and novelist, penned his most famous works in the late 19th century and became an integral part of the city's history.[33]. Dayton, Ohio is the 195th largest city in the US. They most recently played the North Division of the ECHL's American Conference. The airport primarily serves corporate and personal aircraft users. [71] The Dayton Development Coalition is attempting to leverage the region's large water capacity, estimated to be 1.5 trillion gallons of renewable water aquifers, to attract new businesses. Although some of the tornadoes were only EF0 and remained on the ground for less than a mile, an EF4 tornado passed through the communities of Brookville, Trotwood, Dayton, Beavercreek, and Riverside. Events Calendar. I also chronicle the history of many of these buildings in my book Lost Dayton, Ohio. [159], Dayton hosts several inter-modal freight railroad terminals. After their first manned flights in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, which they had chosen due to its ideal weather and climate conditions, the Wrights returned to Dayton and continued testing at nearby Huffman Prairie. [129] SunWatch Indian Village/Archaeological Park, a partially reconstructed 12th-century prehistoric American Indian village, is on the south end of Dayton; it is organized around a central plaza dominated by wood posts forming an astronomical calendar. Since then, the annual Cityfolk Festival has continued to bring folk, ethnic, and world music and arts to Dayton. [155] The Dahio Trotwood Airport, also known as Dayton-New Lebanon Airport, is a privately owned, public-use airport 7 miles (11 km) west of the central business district of Dayton. Along with defense and aerospace, healthcare accounts for much of the Dayton area's economy. Tech Town is home to the world's first RFID business incubator. [89] Kettering Tower was originally Winters Tower, the headquarters of Winters Bank. He visited the National Cash Register (NCR) company in Dayton in December 1942. [25], Innovation led to business growth in the region. The Dayton region's main business newspaper is the Dayton Business Journal. The canal arrived in Dayton in 1829. The last train leaving there was the National Limited in October 1979.[161]. Richard Holbrooke wrote about these events in his memoirs: There was also a real Dayton out there, a charming Ohio city, famous as the birthplace of the Wright brothers. With the decline of heavy manufacturing, Dayton's businesses have diversified into a service economy that includes insurance and legal sectors as well as healthcare and government sectors. [154], The Dayton area also has several regional airports. Ten people were killed, including the perpetrator; and twenty-seven were injured. The Demonz folded in 2015 and were immediately replaced by the Dayton Demolition, also in the FHL. The Dayton trolleybus system is the second longest-running of the five remaining trolleybus systems in the U.S., having entered service in 1933. [96][97], From 1996 to 1998, Dayton hosted the National Folk Festival. [123] The museum draws over 1.3 million visitors per year and is one of the most-visited tourist attractions in Ohio. The company manufactured the first mechanical cash registers and played a crucial role in the shaping of Dayton's reputation as an epicenter for manufacturing in the early 1900s. Other museums also play significant roles in the tourism and economy of the Dayton area. [64] The city's most populous ethnic group, white, declined from 78.1% in 1960 to 51.7% by 2010. Unlike the population of, say, New York City, Geneva or Washington, which would scarcely notice another conference, Daytonians were proud to be part of history. 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